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By J.D. Grainger

Between 1805 and 1807 the British fastened a number of expeditions into the South Atlantic geared toward weakening Napoleon's Spanish and Dutch allies. The pursuits have been the Dutch colony on South Africa's Cape of fine wish, which possibly threatened British transport routes to India, and the Spanish colonies within the Rio de l. a. Plata basin (now elements of Argentina and Uruguay). 

In 1805 a military of round 6,000 males used to be dispatched for the Cape below the highly-respected normal David Baird. They have been escorted and assisted via a naval squadron less than domestic Riggs Popham. The Cape surrendered in January 1806. 
Popham then persuaded Baird to lend him troops for an assault on Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires was once taken in July however the paltry British strength (around 2,400 males) was once then besieged and compelled to give up in August. Popham was once later courtroom martialled for exceeding his orders.

In Feb 1807 Montevideo used to be taken by means of a brand new (officially sanctioned) British strength of 6,000 males. Whitelocke, the British Commander then tried to retake Buenos Aires (not least to unfastened British prisoners from the 1st try out) yet used to be defeated by means of suddenly fierce resistance stiffened by means of armed creoles and slaves. After heavy losses he signed an armistice, surrendering Montevideo and taking flight all his forces. He too was once court-martialled. 

One of the key topics of this new account is the robust Scottish connection – Baird and Popham have been either Scots, and the 71st Highlanders made up the most strength within the Cape and Popham's experience. one other is the unlooked for results of those activities. the coming of Scottish Calvinist ministers within the Cape prompted the eventual improvement of apartheid, whereas winning resistance to the British, with little support from Spain, formed and speeded up the independence stream in South America.

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British Campaigns in the South Atlantic 1805-1807 by J.D. Grainger


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